Hafnium (Hf) is a lustrous silver grey, a ductile transition metal. The Hafnium metal is further purified to crystal bars using the van Arkel/de Boer iodine process. Hafnium resists corrosion in the air due to an oxide film's formation, although powdered hafnium burns in the air. Hafnium thin film coating can also be used to provide surface hardness and protection. AEM produces Hafnium sputtering targets with the highest quality refined crystal bars ensuring high purity, low zirconium content, and high reliability.